I have been away from the forum for a long time now, but in the meanwhile started taking lessons. My teacher is currently covering chords in different major scales. But I do not understand the pattern of the chords. I asked him, but he did not give any clear answer, other than that these chords have last note as the note in the scale. For example, C major chords are EGC, GBD, GCF, ACF, CEG, CFA, DGB and EGC. D major is having F#AD, AC#E, ADF#, BDG, DF#A, DGB, EAC# and F#AD.
I am going to make some guesses. When I look back at your earlier posts, you were teaching yourself and for quite some time. Now you have a teacher, to whom you went with that background. This teacher will have had to guess what you know. He may think you know things that you don't know. What you don't know is creating your present problem. This is my guess.
We can help you with the present problem. The larger problem is if your teacher assumes you know things you don't. You may need to get together to hammer this out so you can work together successfully. Or if you can't do it for the big picture, tell him you don't understand the patterns for repeating this in other keys. If he's a decent teacher, he'll figure out where the holes are, and teach you the prerequisite.
You already have some good answers. One problem for us as well, is not knowing what you do and don't know.
For example, C major chords are EGC, GBD, GCF, ACF, CEG, CFA, DGB and EGC. D major is having F#AD, AC#E, ADF#, BDG, DF#A, DGB, EAC# and F#AD.
Some different ways of seeing this (since we don't know what your knowledge base is).
C/E, G, Csus
, F/A, C, F/C, G/D, C/E ..... The same pattern exists in the D major version.
1. The first thing we see is that he is using only three chords: C, F, G. These chords are built on degree 1 (I), 4 (IV), 5 (V). You're right that they cover all the notes of the scale, but that is not the main point. The I, IV, V chords are often taught first in traditional music, because they build the skeleton of harmony. I is your "Tonic" or home base, V is the "Dominant" which "wants to go back to" the Tonic, and IV is the chord that leads to V. This is not the only possible combo - ii (Dm) is also often used to led to V - but the IV is what is usually taught.
So here's the first part of the pattern, and reason for it. We're using only the I IV V chords. In D major, those chords are I (D), IV (G), V (A). Your 2nd set holds only those chords. So yup, we've got the pattern.
2. I'm going to use an old fashioned symbol system, where Ia = root position (CEG, called C as a jazz chord), Ib = 1st inversion, EGC, called C/E), c = 2nd inversion (GCE, C/G). We get the pattern
Ib, Va, I"sus"
, IVb, Ia, IVc, Vc, Ib.I think there's an error in the 3rd chord, and that it should be C/G = Ic. See **
If you know your scales and chords, you should be able to duplicate this in any major key - which is what you are asked to do. In jazz chord notation we have
C/E, G, Csus**, F/A, C, F/C, G/D, C/E
In the D major, with I = D, IV = G, V = A, we have
D/F#, A, D/A, G/B, D, G/D, A/E, D/F#** I'm noticing that in what you wrote, the 3rd chord in D major is not Dsus. I'm wondering if you transcribed one of the two wrong for the 3rd chord, because they should match up. I'm guessing that your teacher did NOT give you a sus chord (GCF) If the 3rd chord in the D one is correct (ADF#) that is D/A = Ic. Then the third chord in the C major should be C/GI think the C major is supposed to be
C/E, G, C/G, F/A, C, F/C, G/D, C/E
which gives us
Ib, Va, Ic,
IVb, Ia, IVc, Vc, Ib.
If that is the pattern, then you'd do the same thing for, say, F major: I = F, IV = Bb, V = C. Do you have the the required knowledge to do this in other keys? (Do you know the chords vis-a-vis keys to do this?) If you are missing needed knowledge, you should tell your teacher, so that he can backtrack to the simpler levels you need first.
Sorry that this turned out so long.
(If I messed up letters anywhere, someone please let me know. Since I lived Do Re Mi for 50 years, I'm still weak in that part, and probably will always be.)