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#2242620 - 03/07/14 01:13 PM music notation  
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88slowpoke Offline
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Looking for some guidance on these two photos- In the first one, what does the connecting flag between the treble and base staff notes mean? And, on the second photo, what does the line between the two staves mean? (I have also seen this symbol connecting a note in one staff to a rest in the other) Explanations much appreciated!

[img:left][Linked Image][/img] [img:right][Linked Image][/img]

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#2242652 - 03/07/14 02:17 PM Re: music notation [Re: 88slowpoke]  
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PianoStudent88 Offline
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In the first image, the bass and treble staff notes are connected with a beam to show they are part of one musical "voice".

In the second image, the line from treble clef to bass notes shows the same thing: the musical voice goes from the treble clef to the bass clef. (It's an odd example; I don't quite see what it shows as far as interpretation without the line, but that's what it means.)

When the line connects from a note to a rest, it's showing the same thing: where a musical voice goes. When it's a rest, it means the next thing in that voice is a rest instead of a note.

A musical voice is one strand in the multilayered piece of music. Imagine if several singers were singing the music. You would have one singer singing all those connected eighth notes in the first examples, and other singers singing other notes in the piano part. You can see different voices clearly if you look at a hymn that has been harmonized for soprano/alto/tenor/bass. The same idea, of different musical lines hanging together as a separate melody or voice, can be seen in a lot of Piano music even though it's not literally written for four singers.

Last edited by PianoStudent88; 03/07/14 02:22 PM.

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#2242681 - 03/07/14 03:12 PM Re: music notation [Re: 88slowpoke]  
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Andy Platt Offline
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Hmm, I'm not sure in the first one that that's not supposed to be a tie to the G in the next measure though why it doesn't join is beyond me. If it's a phrasing thing I could expect it to go up towards the treble clef and, anyway, the joined beam already does that.

Andy.


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#2242737 - 03/07/14 05:40 PM Re: music notation [Re: 88slowpoke]  
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joflah Offline
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Are the little notes at the bottom for an organ pedal?


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#2243025 - 03/08/14 08:50 AM Re: music notation [Re: PianoStudent88]  
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88slowpoke Offline
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Thanks for the reply, I couldn't figure out if I was instructed to do anything special by these symbols.
Originally Posted by PianoStudent88
In the first image, the bass and treble staff notes are connected with a beam to show they are part of one musical "voice".

In the second image, the line from treble clef to bass notes shows the same thing: the musical voice goes from the treble clef to the bass clef. (It's an odd example; I don't quite see what it shows as far as interpretation without the line, but that's what it means.)

When the line connects from a note to a rest, it's showing the same thing: where a musical voice goes. When it's a rest, it means the next thing in that voice is a rest instead of a note.

A musical voice is one strand in the multilayered piece of music. Imagine if several singers were singing the music. You would have one singer singing all those connected eighth notes in the first examples, and other singers singing other notes in the piano part. You can see different voices clearly if you look at a hymn that has been harmonized for soprano/alto/tenor/bass. The same idea, of different musical lines hanging together as a separate melody or voice, can be seen in a lot of Piano music even though it's not literally written for four singers.

#2243026 - 03/08/14 08:51 AM Re: music notation [Re: joflah]  
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88slowpoke Offline
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Yes.
Originally Posted by joflah
Are the little notes at the bottom for an organ pedal?

#2243029 - 03/08/14 09:02 AM Re: music notation [Re: 88slowpoke]  
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PianoStudent88 Offline
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As far as doing anything special: musically you want to make those notes sound as if they go together in some sense, but that's just because they're part of one musical voice, not anything added by the less common way the voice is laid out.


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#2243065 - 03/08/14 11:23 AM Re: music notation [Re: 88slowpoke]  
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keystring Offline
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The notes that are ascending going C Eb G C E(b) are part of a series of notes that go together as if they are an accompanying voice that rises in a broken chord, while the melody is playing. It is part of the Cm chord that harmonizes this part of the melody. The choice of putting part of that series in the bass clef, and part in the treble clef, is in order to show you which hand plays the notes -which is "handier". Composers have a choice in this regard.

If this were a choir singing it, then it would be clearcut. The bass singers would sing a low A that they hold all the way through. The tenors would sing G C Eb G C Eb in eighth notes. The altos would sing middle C and hold it the whole measure. The sopranos would sing Eb and hold it all the way through. In fact, everybody is singing only one note except for the tenor. You'd want to hear the sopranos more because they are holding the melody.

But this is piano, so you run into some problems and decisions. Your "tenor" voice cuts into the "alto" note (C) and then it cuts into the "soprano" note (Eb). So the way you play it is that in the RH you hold C Eb, making the Eb louder since it's the melody. The LH plays AG and you keep holding the low A with your pinky. Then you play Eb G while holding the A, and then continue that sequence with your RH (C Eb). You'd have to play C and then hold it again because it is also the C that is being held in the alto voice, and then the Eb .... Unless you choose to just hold the Eb and not play it.

In other words you're given an impossibility since you cannot actually hold the upper voices as written while at the same time have the "tenor" voice play what is written. You cannot both hold a note and let go of it. This is probably not written originally for a keyboard. You must make a choice.

In the second one likewise, they're showing that the "alto voice" switches down from Eb to low C. But as a pianist you don't really have to care about that. Just play the notes that are there, and you are fine.

Originally Posted by Andy Platt
Hmm, I'm not sure in the first one that that's not supposed to be a tie to the G in the next measure though why it doesn't join is beyond me. If it's a phrasing thing I could expect it to go up towards the treble clef and, anyway, the joined beam already does that.

Overkill? I agree, Andy.


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